Depression is a choice, not a
chemical imbalance in the brain. As such an individual suffering from
depression has the ability to be cured if they choose to be
Discussing problems not associated with brain damage or injury.
See also link for
There seems to be a propensity in our culture to look for negative
behaviors or groups of behaviors and then assign them a label as a
"disease." In fact there are leading academics which decry this
"Research has yet to identify specific
biological causes for any of these [mental] disorders. Mental
disorders are classified on the basis of symptoms because there are
as yet no biological markers or laboratory tests for them.¨
The U.S. Congress Office of Technology"
"...modern psychiatry has yet to convincingly
prove the genetic/biologic cause of any single mental
illness...Patients [have] been diagnosed with 'chemical imbalances'
despite the fact that no test exists to support such a claim, and...
there is no real conception of what a correct chemical balance would
look like. Yet conclusions such as depression is a chemical
imbalance are created out of nothing more than semantics and the
wishful thinking of scientist/psychiatrists and a public who will
believe anything now that has the stamp of approval of medical
"Remember that no biochemical, neurological, or genetic markers have
been found for attention deficit disorder, oppositional defiant
disorder, depression, schizophrenia, anxiety, compulsive alcohol and
drug abuse, overeating, gambling, or any other so-called mental
illness, disease, or disorder." Bruce Levine, Ph.D. (psychologist),
Commonsense Rebellion: Debunking Psychiatry, Confronting Society
(Continuum, New York 2001), p. 277.
"The designation disease can only be justified
when the cause can be related to a demonstrable anatomical lesion,
infection, or some other physiological defect. As there is no such
evidence for any mental disorder, the term disease is a misnomer; in
fact, it is fraudulent.
Thomas Szasz, Professor of Psychiatry Emeritus
State University of New York,
Author of 25 books"
More about Szasz here:
To see some more recent writings:
"Contemporary neuroscience research has failed to confirm any
serotonergic lesion in any mental disorder, and has in fact provided
significant counterevidence to the explanation of a simple
neurotransmitter deficiency. Modern neuroscience has instead shown
that the brain is vastly complex and poorly understood . While
neuroscience is a rapidly advancing field, to propose that researchers
can objectively identify a “chemical imbalance” at the molecular level
is not compatible with the extant science. In fact, there is no
scientifically established ideal “chemical balance” of serotonin, let
alone an identifiable pathological imbalance. To equate the impressive
recent achievements of neuroscience with support for the serotonin
hypothesis is a mistake."
"Reasoning backwards, from SSRI efficacy to presumed serotonin
deficiency, is thus highly contested. The validity of this reasoning
becomes even more unlikely when one considers recent studies that even
call into question the very efficacy of the SSRIs. Irving Kirsch and
colleagues, using the Freedom of Information Act, gained access to all
clinical trials of antidepressants submitted to the Food and Drug
Administration (FDA) by the pharmaceutical companies for medication
approval. When the published and unpublished trials were pooled, the
placebo duplicated about 80% of the antidepressant response ; 57%
of these pharmaceutical company–funded trials failed to show a
statistically significant difference between antidepressant and inert
placebo . A recent Cochrane review suggests that these results are
inflated as compared to trials that use an active placebo . This
modest efficacy and extremely high rate of placebo response are not
seen in the treatment of well-studied imbalances such as insulin
deficiency, and casts doubt on the serotonin hypothesis."
And there is this:
"ADHD is Not Caused by a Dopamine
Over-Production in the Brain
While some studies assert (but cannot prove) that an over-production
of dopamine is a cause of ADHD (Lancet study reported in The Wall
Street Journal, March 27, 2000), this is extremely misleading: Brain
scans and tests to confirm ADHD have never been done on "drug naive"
patients; i.e., the tests have been done on subjects who were either
on psychotropic drugs, or had previously been on psychotropic drugs,
both of which can alter brain chemistry.
Pediatric Neurologist Fred Baughman clarifies this point: "Researchers
from Harvard and Boston Life Sciences' studied a mere 6 adult subjects
'diagnosed' with ADHD who were on drug treatment until 4 weeks prior
to the brain scanning which was said to show the chemical imbalance.
The researchers and Lancet editors know as well as I, that the drugs
their subjects were on until a month before scanning, cause long-term,
even permanent, changes of the brain, and that the changes reported
could not be claimed to be [anything] other than drug-induced.¨
Dr. Fred Baughman points to a review of braining scanning by a Dr.
Swanson, collaborating with F. Xavier Castellanos of NIMH. He said,
They concluded that the brains of ADHD subjects were 10% smaller than
those of normals, and claimed this as proof that ADHD is a brain
disease. What Swanson failed to acknowledge was the fact that
virtually all of the ADHD subjects had been on long-term Ritalin
treatment, and that this was the likely cause of the brain smallness.
Swanson did acknowledge this fact, immediately thereafter, when I made
the point from the audience. Castellanos acknowledged, in an interview
published in the January, 2000, Reader's Digest that Incontrovertible
evidence (that ADHD is a disease) is still lacking,¨ and also that
these smaller areas of the brain could be the result of stimulant
These and other articles point to the possibility that the drugs
themselves could be causing the chemical imbalances. Also there is a
possibility that the mental states are causing the imbalances in
After all we already know that meditation (a volitional mental
activity) can change brainwave patterns. So the scientists have it
backwards as far as cause and effect.